The St. Jude Global Central and South America Regional Program (CASA) started in 2016, but was founded on an existing network of collaboration with active projects in the region dating to 1993.
These established St. Jude partnerships extended throughout Central America, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Ecuador, Chile, Venezuela and Brazil. These programs aimed to support capacity building to improve the level of care for children with cancer. Today, the CASA program formally collaborates with more than 60 Alliance members, spread across 18 countries.
The global work of St. Jude has its roots in the Central and South America region, where in 1993 the institution established its first global program at Benjamin Bloom Hospital in El Salvador. After just three years of the twinning program between St. Jude and Benjamin Bloom, the survival rate of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the country rose from near zero to 50%. This work led to the creation of the St. Jude International Outreach Program, which today is St. Jude Global. In 1996, St. Jude established such a program in Guatemala, and later in Honduras, Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
These collaborative relationships helped bring together institutions from Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Costa Rica in 1998 to form the Asociación de Hemato-Oncología Pediátrica de Centro América (AHOPCA). This network takes a regional approach to the development of adapted treatment guidelines that, once finalized, are shared across borders and throughout the region. Today, AHOPCA also includes institutions from the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Panama. In addition to AHOPCA, St. Jude played an important role in collaborating with regional partners to develop the Consorcio Latinoamericano de Enfermedades Hemato-Oncológicas Pediátricas (CLEHOP), a consortium for the development of stratified adapted treatment guidelines and clinical protocols, and the Grupo América Latina de Oncología Pediátrica (GALOP), a collaboration with Children's Oncology Group to run common protocols.
Since its inception, the CASA program has focused on:
Ongoing initiatives include strengthening collaborations with institutions and cooperative groups to improve care, facilitating engagement of St. Jude Global Alliance members, and supporting the implementation of the Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer with technical expertise and assistance for the development of national childhood cancer plans.
On June 12, 2021, the Central and South America and Mexico regional programs joined forces to create a single Regional Advisory Committee for Latin America (RAC LATAM) to represent and serve the region, supporting its interests with a single voice in the Global Alliance. The RAC LATAM aims to identify the region’s needs and priorities, inform resource procurement and distribution and optimize lines of work or projects by representing Alliance members and key consortia.
St. Jude and Brazil have a longstanding relationship, from support for the pediatric oncology unit at Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira in Recife under the previous International Outreach Program as well as a fellowship program with Hospital de Câncer Infantojuvenil de Barretos.
In 2019, the CASA program supported two national workshops. The first one, in Recife, brought together 20 institutions, state health representatives and pediatric cancer stakeholders to locally design initiatives. The second, held in Barretos, laid one of the foundation stones of AMARTE Alliance, a collaborative national network of pediatric oncology units from different regions, which had the shared purpose of improving access and quality of care. In 2021, AMARTE implemented the Pediatric Oncology Facility Integrated Local Evaluation (PrOFILE) tool to identify the group’s priorities. Today, the network includes more than 25 hospitals. Its structure promotes the collaboration between and across disciplines, serving also as a model for implementing national initiatives.
Since 2021, Brazil has been a focus country in the Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer. Together with PAHO, Instituto Desiderata, local hospitals and health authorities, we are working to expand the project Unidos Pela Cura in the state of Pernambuco. Developed by Desiderata, Unidos Pela Cura promotes early diagnosis by streamlining and monitoring the referral of pediatric patients.
St. Jude began its collaboration in Chile in the 1990s through collaboration with Hospital Calvo Mackenna. The partnership established a bone marrow transplant program, one of only two American Society of Hematology (ASH)-designated training centers for pediatric bone marrow transplantation in Latin America, and also developed a nurse educator training program.
Childhood cancer services in Chile have been delivered by the Programa Infantil para Drogas Antineoplásicas (PINDA) since 1988. The program includes 20 pediatric hematology and oncology (PHO) centers. In 2020, as the collaboration with Chile grew, CASA, in collaboration with the Metrics and Performance Unit, launched the implementation of the Pediatric Oncology Facility Integrated Local Evaluation (PrOFILE) tool in 16 PINDA network facilities in Chile. This launch helped illustrate the region’s PHO landscape; to systematically assess the role of nonbiological factors, such as context, facility infrastructure, service capacity, diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities, and communication on childhood cancer outcomes; and guide conversations on how to address these factors collaboratively.
With the help of the PrOFILE dynamic 360-degree evaluation of Chilean health services, PINDA centers and stakeholders defined priorities and designed an improvement strategy for the next three years. In addition, the PrOFILE results helped development of the Chilean National Childhood Cancer Plan.
As a WHO Collaborating Centre for Childhood Cancer, St. Jude serves as the lead implementation partner for the Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer, launched in partnership with WHO in 2018. The collaborative effort brings together stakeholders from around the world with the shared goal of increasing the childhood cancer survival rate to 60% by 2030 and reducing suffering for all.
Peru was the first country to join the global initiative — in 2019. Nearly 1,800 children and adolescents are diagnosed with cancer every year in Peru. These diagnoses are often late, meaning up to 70% of patients already have advanced, often metastatic, disease when diagnosed, and approximately half will die.
To launch the Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer in Peru, St. Jude Global, WHO and the Ministry of Health of Peru hosted the first Peru National Stakeholder Workshop on Childhood Cancer in June 2019 in Lima. Workshop participants identified initiatives to strengthen the health system in alignment with a national childhood cancer plan. This resulted in the enactment of Peru’s first Childhood Cancer Law in September 2020.
Today, more than 20 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean engage with activities from the Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer.
Collaboration between the St. Jude Global Nursing Program and institutions across Central and South America has led to many valuable educational and capacity-building opportunities, including:
Director, Central and South America Regional Program
Director, Mexico Regional Program
Director, Metrics and Performance Unit
Assistant Member, St. Jude Faculty
Program Manager, Central and South America Regional Program
Program Manager, Central and South America Regional Program
Implementation Manager, Brazil
To learn more about the Central and South America program, email email@example.com.